Most of our day is consumed by speaking and hearing. What we think, what we do it’s all some form of communication. Our actions, emotions, posture all convey something. We have that basic right of saying and listening whatever we want to when we want to. But some of us don’t have that basic human right. Some who have audiology or speech related problems, cannot quite express what they want to. The signs of speech disorders or language disorders are quite visible from childhood.
A speech disorder refers to a problem with the actual production of sounds. A language disorder refers to a problem understanding or putting words together to communicate ideas.
Speech disorders include:
- Articulation Disorders: difficulties producing sounds in syllables or pronouncing at a phonetic level. Trouble making individual speech sounds.
- Fluency Disorders: interruption of flow of speaking by blocks, interjections, revisions, prolongations etc.
- Resonance or Voice Disorders: problems with the pitch, volume, or quality of the voice that distract listeners from what’s being said. This type of disorder is often associated with pain or discomfort in the throat.
- Language Disorders: problems that may be experienced can involve grammar (syntax and/or morphology), semantics (meaning), or other aspects of language
- Receptive Disorders: difficulties understanding or processing language.
- Expressive Disorders: difficulty putting words together, limited vocabulary, or inability to use language in a socially appropriate way.
- Cognitive-Communication Disorders: difficulty with communication skills that involve memory, attention, perception, organization, regulation, and problem solving.
Audiologists and Speech Language Pathologists can work in Early Intervention Programs, Public School Systems, Private School Systems, Private Clinics/Private Practice, Hospital Inpatient, Hospital Outpatient, Rehabilitation Centers, Skilled Nursing Facilities, Home Health Agencies and Corporations/Businesses (for services such as accent reduction).